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Canine Distemper

Facts

 It is contagious and serious viral illness with no known cure

It is diagnosed with biochemical tests and urine analysis

 Young, unvaccinated puppies and non-immunized older dogs tend to be more susceptible

It is spread through the air and by direct or indirect contact with an infected animal

 In dogs with weak immune systems, death can occur 2-5 weeks after initial infection

Symptoms

Initial Stages

High fever

Reddened eyes

 Watery discharge from nose and eyes

Lethargy

Anorexia

Persistent cough

Vomiting

Diarrhea

Later Stages

The virus attacks the Central Nervous System

Fits

Seizures

Paralysis

Attacks of hysteria

Certain strains can cause an abnormal enlargement or thickening of the pads of an animal's feet

Treatment

Treatment focuses on alleviating the symptoms

Chances of survival depend on the virus strain and the pet's immune system strength

Management

 Must monitor for pneumonia, dehydration, or neurological symptoms

Recovery is possible with fully recovered dogs not spreading the disease

Prevention

Routine vaccines

 Immediate isolation of infected animals